To talk about the status quo and development of China's tool industry, it is difficult to avoid mentioning the names of peers and not commenting on them. This article is entirely my own opinion and hope for the development of China's tool industry. There is definitely limited knowledge, incomplete information, and improper comments, but there is no malice. If the relevant peers have different or opposite opinions on their own comments, please don't be angry, please send me an email, I will modify it after the test. Here, please also ask the officials not to reprint the proliferation, this article is only for internal discussion in the industry peers.
First, not a strong prosperity
Speaking of China's tool market, the mood of all of us is very complicated: on the one hand, the tool market has been leaping forward in the past decade, and the sales volume has risen steadily, showing a scene in which the dispute has intensified but it has also prospered, allowing the cutter people to be themselves. In the homeland, there is a place to use it; on the other hand, the level of competition is so clear – foreign (referring to industrial developed countries) tools basically only compete with foreign tools, domestic tools are basically only compete with domestic tools! This seems to be a laminar flow phenomenon described in fluid mechanics. In most areas, the technical level of domestic knives is far from the foreign counterparts, and even no qualifications!
With the rapid development of China's automotive, aerospace, military, mold, refrigeration, power and other precision manufacturing, the demand for the quantity and quality of metal processing tools has also increased rapidly. Although China has not yet developed the habit of counting statistics in the industry, the industry's personnel estimate that China's tool market is about 20 billion yuan (about 25 billion US dollars in the global tool market)! The domestic high-end tool market is about 5 billion yuan. So far, the high-end market is basically occupied by imported tools.
China's tool market is a rare market that can truly be called globalization. Don't say that the small and well-known tool companies in the industry have set up offices in China or found agents to sell. Even small German companies with only 20 or 30 employees sell their tools to China. ! Tool products from Germany, Japan, the United States, Israel, South Korea, Sweden, France, Italy, Spain and other countries can be found everywhere.
These imported tools basically occupy high-end customers in the machining industry. Take a look at the engine manufacturing workshops of major auto companies, the machining workshops of aircraft engine manufacturing companies, and the steam turbine manufacturing workshops. It is difficult to see the traces of domestically produced tools in high-efficiency, high-precision machining tools. Our tool company is still too far away from the word "powerful"!
Domestically produced tools are mostly used in medium and low-demand customer groups, such as agricultural machinery, motorcycles, agricultural vehicles, general machinery, and low-to-medium machine manufacturing industries. The added value of these industrial products is relatively low, so the requirements for machining accuracy have to be relaxed in order to use machines and tools that are cheap but have a correspondingly reduced accuracy and efficiency. Despite the large amount of use in these areas, the market is not small, but the price of a single tool is surprisingly low, as if they were selling raw materials. No? Speaking of China's high-speed steel, hard alloy and other tool materials are in the forefront of the world, but not strong. There are still no influential Chinese tool brands in the world tool market.
Second, the pattern of group chickens and less cranes
But it is true that there are quite a few Chinese tool companies, just like China's auto industry. Despite the closure of state-owned tool companies, many private tool companies have also been introduced. There are hundreds of tool factories in Xixiashu Town, Changzhou, which is like the “hometown of knives” in the southern part of Germany – the Danube Valley. The origin of Xixiashu Tool Factory Group was first related to Chongqing Tool Factory. From Shan Hard Factory, Zhuzhou Diamond, Chenggong, Harbin and other factories, many private tool companies were distributed around. In addition, there are dozens of people who have started business in Japan, Nagoya, and Dalian Fuji. Even the small companies that are derived from the young Arno company have four or five!
There are many tool factories, but most of them are “low level of repetition” and look at:
- High-speed steel drills have a large export volume, but they are basically placed on the shelves of foreign DIY malls - for manual work by home, but high-speed steel twist drills on high-end old car engine production lines are still imported;
- Carbide tools are much more, but concentrate on low-end end mills and easy-cut materials, such as high-speed milling cutters, hard milling cutters, graphite milling cutters, 3D milling cutters, steel parts and hard parts. High-value-added tools such as high-performance drill bits and reamer for processing materials must rely on imports;
-PCD/CBN tools are also available in many companies, but most of them only do some cheap blades and simple reamers, milling cutters, precision guide bars or adjustable or stepped or molded PCD/CBN reamer Waiting basically to import, even to repair and send it to Germany;
- The sickle and the handle are just as sad, we can only do some old-fashioned low-precision products. Most of the tool holders are only BT/SK. The high-speed tool holders with two-sided positioning have only recently been trial-produced by the company. High-precision hydraulic chucks, heat-up chucks and deformation chucks are still in our infancy. Similarly, micron-sized adjustable files may not have been drawn on the drawings;
- What about taps? Basically, there is no domestic product among mainstream tool users. Everyone sees OSG, YAMAWA, EMUGE, Guhring, Titex, Dormer, etc.;
- The cemented carbide bar should always be made in China, because China is the largest producer and exporter of WC powder (the main raw material for cemented bar). Nor is it! Most of the materials used by domestic mainstream carbide tool manufacturers are still imported. We can't make rods with spiral inner cooling. Even for regular solid bars, performance has only stabilized in the last two or three years. . .
Our tool industry should be very basic, and unfortunately the progress has been too slow in the past two decades. We have a lot of companies in each tool field, that is, the product level is not high. Although there are some companies in the tool field, there are too few such companies.
Third, the main force of stunting
We all know that China's tool industry was originally a state-owned enterprise, and the foundation is not bad. The problem is that with the rapid development of China's industrialization, these enterprises should also develop rapidly and advance with the times. However, due to institutional reasons, their progress has been too slow. For quite a few years, they have been standing still.
Although the country has not invested much, the equipment is mostly the most advanced in the world. Due to the defects of the system, it is impossible to cultivate or attract excellent knives. The tools produced can only be in the middle and low grades. Take the above factories as an example. It is worth hundreds of millions of investment (it is really enviable). The imported five-axis CNC CNC grinding machine and PVD coating furnace are all the best in the world, but their products are difficult to see in mainstream users. To. In fact, most other state-owned tool companies such as Harbin Yigong, Chengliang, Shanhard, Hanjiang, Zigong, Southwest Tools, etc. are also the same.
Due to the poor development of the main force, Chinese knives can only rely on the substitute - private enterprise! There are two types of such private enterprises, one is a small workshop that is a low-level repetitive investment, most of which are derived from domestic tool factories. The other type is a company with a relatively high starting point derived from a multinational tool company.
Fourth, the heavy responsibility of the fire of the original
Despite this, through years of tempering and hard work, there are still some tool companies in China that have not only laid a good foundation, but also have great ambitions. These companies attach great importance to technology and quality, product quality is stable, and are gradually replacing imported products. I regard these enterprises as the fire of the smashing of the new Chinese tool industry, and they are the current figures in the Chinese tool industry.
Carbide bar stock:
Strain and Golden Heron are undoubtedly the leaders in the Chinese bar industry. The general solid bar and the straight-line cold-hole bar are basically close to the international level, but the missing is the spiral inner cooling rod with high technical content and added value. High-end bars with materials and grains less than 0.3 microns. If you can break through the technical threshold of the above products, there will be another pattern in the global bar market.
In the field of indexable inserts, the drill is a big one and the pride of our people. If there is a second place, it only floats on its fraction. Ten years ago, when I saw that the blade of the drill was full of no chip breakers and no coating, I felt that it was not a resource. Nowadays, there are many blades for turning, grooving, threading, milling and drilling. There are many products and specifications. Seeing the tremendous changes in the past few years, I am very happy with the people in my heart. Ordinary blades can replace imports, but it takes a lot of work to make achievements in difficult materials, high-speed cutting, and large feed processing.
There are quite a few manufacturers who make such tools, especially the entry-level ones. However, it seems that only the product line is long, the quality is stable, and the strength is strong. As the representative of the indexable tool, the quality of the milling cutter can best show the strength. In the modern engine production line, I don't seem to have seen the domestic milling cutter! In addition to the drill, Sentai Yingge is also working hard, but the product line is not complete. Unfortunately, it is difficult to see other heroes in this field!
This type of tool has finally given a sigh of relief to Chinese cutters! The highest level of cemented carbide tools that can represent China's overall quality should be Arnold and Zhun. Arnold's drills, reamers, end mills and combination tools are already benchmarks in the industry. In particular, Arno's drill bits have been widely used in domestic precision manufacturing such as automobiles and aviation to replace German products imported from the past. . Arnold high-performance drills for machining steel parts outperform German counterparts in many applications. "To achieve the ultimate in the drill bit" is the pursuit of Arnold.
The hard tool of the drill has also developed rapidly in recent years, and the quality has been significantly improved. Thanks to the long-term industry accumulation and proud hardware facilities, as long as the company's system does not become an obstacle to future development, the leading position of the company in the industry should be difficult to shake within ten years.
There are not many domestic manufacturers producing super-hard tools. The market is relatively good, including Zheng Diamond, Weishi, Yamada, and Zhongtian. The scale of several companies is not very different, and most of the products are similar, that is, they are mainly blades, and some welding reamers, milling cutters, etc. are also done. The performance of the welding blade is basically up to the international level and can replace the import. However, those high-value, precision reamer with guide bars, forming cutters with high-speed shank such as HSK, and step reamer are still in the exploration stage, and at least many years of effort are required from mature products. Among them, the most promising candidates are Visa and Zheng Drill. Visa is known for its technical resources and formal management, while Zheng Drill has good hardware and market development capabilities.
The tap is the most knives that make me angry. Dignified China can't find a decent tap manufacturing factory, which is worthy of my evaluation and guidance. The taps used by domestic mainstream machining companies are almost all imported. The key is that there is still no one that allows us to see a few tap manufacturers that hope to follow OSG, YAMAWA, EMUGE, Schumacher and other companies. In the field of taps, there have been no romantic figures in China.
Tool holder and file:
Tool holders and file products are also China's weaknesses. Even the production of HSK is a matter of recent years, and the quality is not stable and the specifications are not complete. We have just been involved in the production of high-precision chucks, mainly hot-sleeve chucks, such as Shanggong and Sentai Yingge. The hydraulic chuck seems to be only Sentai Yingge at the beginning. Most of the toolholder systems seem to remain at the level of the 1950s and 1960s.
There are many manufacturers of ordinary low-precision boring tools, but high-precision boring tools with high added value seem to be missing. I hope that I can build a tree in this field, only Sentai Yingge! In recent years, the company has had an essential improvement in product quality, product appearance and product range.
In the field of complex tools, here refers to hobs, broaches, spline processing tools, etc. Several state-owned old tool factories such as Hanjiang have finally played some roles, making them not completely in the Chinese tool industry. forget. Because the market for such tools is not large and the investment is large, there are not many new companies entering.
Complex tools with high added value, such as carbide hobs, coated oversized broaches, precision broaches, etc., currently only rely on imports. Especially the hard alloy hob, the amount is relatively small, domestic enterprises can not provide, can only be imported from Germany, Japan and so on.
Hengfeng may be the most promising company in the field to create achievements in the field. If you can focus on complex tools, you can be a strong opponent of NACHI, SAACKE, FETTE, GLEASON, SMOC and other peers. It seems that Hengfeng's product line has been drawn for a long time in recent years. It also makes drills and milling cutters, and it is a high-speed steel and hard alloy! The company is not big, but the energy is scattered, can it be considered?